Black Rhino Baby Calf (Diceros bicornis) - East Africa as far south as
South Africa. The Black Rhino has a curled upper lip and is sometimes called the Hook-lipped Rhino.
The Black Rhino Calf will stay with the mother until she gives birth to
White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) - Southern Sudan and South
Africa. The White Rhino is larger and heavier than the Black
Rhino. They are identified by the hump on the nape of the
neck. The Black Rhino has no hump. The upper lip of the
White Rhino is square-shaped. The ears are broad and have hairs on
the edges. The horns are longer and thinner than the Black Rhino.
Indian Rhinoseros (Rhinoseros unicornis) - Savannahs of India and
Nepal. This Rhino has only one horn. The hide has "armor-like" folds.
They have a prehensile upper lip to gather tall grasses and have the
ability to tuck the tip of the lip away when grazing on shorter
grasses. Besides the tall grasses, the Rhino will also eat fruit,
leaves, branches and shrubs. Although their eye sight is poor,
they have excellent hearing and a strong sense of smell. The
Indian Rhino is often seen with egrets or "tick birds" that
ride on their back, eating parasites found on the Rhino's
Indian Rhinoceros likes to wallow in the mud. It helps them keep
cool and protects their skin from sunburn and bug bites.
The White Rhinoceros has a square-shaped upper lip. The horn is
made of keratin which is specialized hair. The White Rhino has
three toes on each foot. They are rather small for the heavy body
of the Rhino.
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