Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) - Gobi Desert, Central Asia.
If there has been a drought, the camel can drink up to 24 gallons of
water in about 12 minutes. The light brown to dark shaggy coat of
winter is shed in the summer. The two humps are filled with
fat. When food is scarce, the humps sag a bit as the fat is used
up. The stomach of camels have 4 chambers. They can endure
high temperatures and low temperatures. The bactrian camels
have shorter legs and a heavier build thaan the dromedary camels.
Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius) - North Africa, Arabia, and the
Middle East. The Dromedary Camel has one hump that stores
fat. The upper lip is deeply cleft and very flexible. The
nostrils moisten and cool the air it breathes. They have a double
row of curly lashes protecting the eyes from the desert sand. The
broad feet helps them not to sink in the loose sand while walking.
Dromedary Camel Calf - The gestation period lasts about 13 months.
The female gives birth to a single calf while standing up. The
Female calf is called a heifer. Often a calf is born white and
will turn brown as they grow. The calf weighs around 90 lbs. when
born. The calves are able to run when only a few hours old. They
do not have humps when they are born, but develop them when they start
eating solid food. They stay with the mother for several
years. To remember the difference between the two hump camel and
the one hump camel: Take the first letter in their names and drop
it on its flat side. The "D" in Dromedary has only one
hump. The "B" in Bactrian has two humps.
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